Category Archives: Bignum

Slides and Links to my ISSAC ’15 Talk

I held my talk at ISSAC 2015 in Bath, UK on Wednesday July, 8th about “Implementation of the DKSS Algorithm for Multiplication of Large Numbers”. My paper is now available from the ACM digital library (or here locally) and the slides are available on the ISSAC website (or here locally).

To the ISSAC organizers and everyone present: the conference was awesome, thank you very much! I had a great time.

BibTeX for the paper:

@Conference{Lueders2015,
  Title                    = {Implementation of the DKSS Algorithm for Multiplication of Large Numbers},
  Author                   = {Christoph L{\"u}ders},
  Booktitle                = {ISSAC 2015 --- Proceedings of the 2015 ACM on International Symposium on Symbolic and Algebraic Computation},
  Year                     = {2015},
  Pages                    = {267--274},
  Abstract                 = {The Sch{\"o}nhage-Strassen algorithm (SSA) is the de-facto standard for multiplication of large integers. For N-bit numbers it has a time bound of $O(N \log N \log \log N)$. De, Kurur, Saha and Saptharishi (DKSS) presented an asymptotically faster algorithm with a better time bound of $N \log N 2^{O(\log^* N)}$. For this paper, a simplified DKSS multiplication was implemented. Assuming a sensible upper limit on the input size, some required constants could be precomputed. This allowed to simplify the algorithm to save some complexity and run-time. Still, run-time is about 30 times larger than SSA, while memory requirements are about 2.3 times higher than SSA. A possible crossover point is estimated to be out of reach even if we utilized the whole universe for computer memory.},
  Doi                      = {10.1145/2755996.2756643}
}

Implementation of the DKSS Algorithm for Multiplication of Large Numbers — ISSAC’15

My paper “Implementation of the DKSS Algorithm for Multiplication of Large Numbers” was accepted for ISSAC’15 Conference to be held on 6-9 July 2015 at the University of Bath, U.K. !

Abstract: The Schönhage-Strassen algorithm (SSA) is the de-facto standard for multiplication of large integers. For \(N\)-bit numbers it has a time bound of \(O(N \cdot \log N \cdot \log \log N)\). De, Kurur, Saha and Saptharishi (DKSS) presented an asymptotically faster algorithm with a better time bound of \(N \cdot \log N \cdot 2^{O(\log^∗ N)}\). For this paper, a simplified DKSS multiplication was implemented. Assuming a sensible upper limit on the input size, some required constants could be precomputed. This allowed to simplify the algorithm to save some complexity and run-time. Still, run-time is about 30 times larger than SSA, while memory requirements are about 2.3 times higher than SSA. A possible crossover point is estimated to be out of reach even if we utilized the whole universe for computer memory.

This is an improved version of what I wrote about in my diploma thesis.

My source code that was used for the tests is available here and is licensed under LGPL.

Fast Multiplication of Large Integers: Implementation and Analysis of the DKSS Algorithm — Diploma Thesis

“Fast Multiplication of Large Integers: Implementation and Analysis of the DKSS Algorithm”, that is my diploma thesis. I just uploaded it to arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1503.04955

Abstract: The Schönhage-Strassen algorithm (SSA) is the de-facto standard for multiplication of large integers. For N-bit numbers it has a time bound of \(O(N \cdot \log N \cdot \log \log N)\). De, Kurur, Saha and Saptharishi (DKSS) presented an asymptotically faster algorithm with a better time bound of \(N \cdot \log N \cdot 2^{O(\log^∗ N)}\). In this diploma thesis, results of an implementation of DKSS multiplication are presented: run-time is about 30 times larger than SSA, while memory requirements are about 3.75 times higher than SSA. A possible crossover point is estimated to be out of reach even if we utilized the whole universe for computer memory.

It contains not only what the title promises, but also a long presentation of my own endeavors regarding fast multiplication, from ordinary multiplication, Karatsuba, Toom-Cook 3-way and Schönhage-Strassen with theory and some code examples.

I’m happy for any commentary.